Three Witches Macbeth Instigators Essay Help

Analyzing the effects of the supernatural elements in Macbeth is a good approach to the play.  You might begin by looking at the witches' prophesies to Macbeth and Banquo at the beginning of the play.  The most important of these is the prophesy that Macbeth will become king and that Banquo's sons will be kings.

Predicting the future is a supernatural act, but mere humans make these prophesies come true.  Macbeth and Lady Macbeth,...

Analyzing the effects of the supernatural elements in Macbeth is a good approach to the play.  You might begin by looking at the witches' prophesies to Macbeth and Banquo at the beginning of the play.  The most important of these is the prophesy that Macbeth will become king and that Banquo's sons will be kings.

Predicting the future is a supernatural act, but mere humans make these prophesies come true.  Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, upon hearing the witches' prophecies (Lady Macbeth through her husband's letter), decide that it is Macbeth's fate to become king.  So they take the "near'st way" to this position by murdering Duncan.  It is Macbeth's and Lady Macbeth's belief in the truth of the prophesies that propels them to murder.  Instead of letting the prophesies come true on their own, they make them happen. And, of course, Macbeth makes a very poor king indeed, creating chaos in all of Scotland.

You then might look at Macbeth's second encounter with the witches.  They again predict the future.  This time Macbeth's reaction is quite different.  Instead of acting to fulfill the prophesies, he acts to prevent them.   Macbeth now believes that he can change his fate.

So, you might view the witches as having several roles:  that of instigators, temptors, and prophets.  But clearly the decision to murder is Macbeth's and Lady Macbeth's.

Macbeth Act 1: Plot

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Act 1 Plot:
     When the play first opens we hear 3 strange witches standing in a field while it is thunder and lightening. They begin to chant spells and talk about their meeting with Macbeth as they vanish into thin air.
Not to far from the field, there is a battle taking place, the King of Scotland is there with some of his followers. The king is much to old to fight for himself, so he sends to hear how his army is doing. A badly injured soldier then returns from battle to tell Duncan how dreadfully bloody it is but how Macbeth saved the day by fighting and killing many of the rebels and their leader.
The Thane of Ross soon arrives bringing more news about the Thane of Cawdor; he claims he is a traitor. Once Duncan learns that he has won the battle, he orders that the Thane of Cawdor be executed and killed leaving Macbeth to take over his place.
Before Duncan had the time to reach Macbeth with the good news, the three witches approach him and Banquo. The greet Macbeth with three different titles: Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor and King Hereafter, but this confuses Macbeth. Not only do the witches tell Macbeth his future, they also tell Banquo that although he will never be King, his children will be… and then they vanish once again.
As Banquo and Macbeth joke about the predictions, Duncan’s messengers interrupt them and tell Macbeth that he is now the Thane of Cawdor, he is no longer laughing about the witches and their predictions. Duncan also announces that his son, Malcolm, will inherit the throne, but his reaction was unexpected. At the same time, Lady Macbeth is at the castle reading a leader from her husband telling her about the witches, she’s willing to do anything to make Macbeth King.

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When she hears that Duncan will be spending a might at the castle she sees it as the perfect night to murder him.
At the end of act 1, we find Macbeth in his room debating about whether or not he should kill Duncan. He seems to have many arguments against it, but he goes with his ambition and chooses to do it.



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