In an order to create participative, transparent and responsive government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the much ambitious 'Digital India' programme on Wednesday, July 1, at the Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium in the national capital.
Top industrialists like RIL Chairman and Managing Director Mukesh Ambani, Tata Group chairman Cyrus Mistry, Wipro Chairman Azim Premji and many others, were among the business honchos who shared their ideas of taking digital revolution to the masses. [Digital India Week Launched: As It Happened]
Several events were held across 36 states and union territories, covering 600 districts in the country.
Information Technology companies were told to organise a mandatory viewing of the speech to be delivered by PM Narendra Modi at the launch of the Digital India Initiative.
What is Digital India?
- With the launch of Digital India programme, the government is taking a big step forward to transform the country into a digitally empowered knowledge economy.
- Includes various schemes worth over Rs 1 lakh crore like Digital Locker, e-eduction, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal.
- BharatNet in 11 states and Next Generation Network (NGN), are also a part of Digital India campaign.
- The programme includes projects that aim to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology.
- The Ministry of Communications and IT is the nodal agency to implement the programme.
Apps for Digital India
Digital India Portal, MyGov Mobile App, Swachh Bharat Mission App and Aadhaar Mobile Update App.
Vision Of Digital India
- Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen
- Governance & Services on Demand
- Digital Empowerment of Citizens
Pillars Of Digital India
- Broadband Highways
- Universal Access to Phones
- Public Internet Access Programme
- e-Governance - Reforming government through Technology
- e-Kranti - Electronic delivery of services
- Information for All
- Electronics Manufacturing - Target NET ZERO Imports
- IT for Jobs
- Early Harvest Programmes
Impact of Digital India by 2019
- Broadband in 2.5 lakh villages, universal phone connectivity
- Net Zero Imports by 2020
- 400,000 Public Internet Access Points
- Wi-fi in 2.5 lakh schools, all universities; Public wi-fi hotspots for citizens
- Digital Inclusion: 1.7 Cr trained for IT, Telecom and Electronics Jobs
- Job creation: Direct 1.7 Cr. and Indirect at least 8.5 Cr.
- e-Governance & eServices: Across government
- India to be leader in IT use in services - health, education, banking
- Digitally empowered citizens - public cloud, internet access
Benefits of Digital Locker
- Digital Locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents like PAN card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates.
- Digital Locker will provide secure access to Government issued documents. It uses authenticity services provided by Aadhaar.
- It is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies.
- Digital Locker provides a dedicated personal storage space in the cloud to citizens, linked to citizens Aadhaar number.
- Digital Locker will reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work.
- It will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically.
- To sign-up for your Digital Locker, one needs an Aadhaar card and a Mobile number that is linked to that Aadhaar card Number.
What is National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)?
- NOFN proposes seven lakh kilometers of optical fibre to be laid to connect 250 gram panchayats in three years.
- Public Wi-fi spots will be provided around the clusters after that and all villages will be provided with internet connectivity.
- According to Communications and Information Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, "ten states including Maharashtra, Madhya Prasad, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Haryana and Chhattisgarh, are ready to roll out the NOFN to facilitate Digital India.
Prasad, early this year, had described Digital India initiative as, "India would become a very powerful digitally connected world. This would lead to a good architecture for electronic delivery of service. The entire contour of India is change. India is sitting at the cusp of a big digital revolution."
States like Telangana, Meghalaya, Jharkhand also observed Digital India Week (DIW) from July 1 to July 7.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) also directed all varsities and higher education institutes across the country to observe the Digital India Week.
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Digital Education in India
January 22, 2016
by Rumani Saikia Phukan
With the development of Internet, mobile phones, mobile apps, tablets, laptops, and other modern devices, things are becoming more and more digitalised in today’s world. The education system in India’s metros and other cities has also become modernised to a great extent, making way for digitalisation. With a number of International schools coming up, digital education is making its way into the education system of India and is taking the place of the traditional classroom training.
Basic difference between digital education and the class room education
Gone are those days when classroom training was restricted to textbook learning, teachers using the blackboard to explain things and students writing down notes in copies. The traditional teacher-centred methods of teaching and task-based approaches to learning focused more on making notes and memorization. However, it’s no more chalk and talk in most schools. Classroom teaching has become more and more interactive nowadays with the use of digital methods such as PPTs, video presentations, e-learning methods, practical demos, online training and other digital methods or platforms.
Advantages of teacher-led classroom training
- This is an efficient method of presenting a large volume of study material to students.
- It is a personal, face-to-face type of training.
- Everyone gets the same information at the same time.
- It is cost-effective.
Disadvantages of teacher-led classroom training
- Sometimes it is not interactive.
- Success of the lectures depends on the effectiveness of the teacher.
- More of memorising and mugging up for the students, instead of enhancing their metal skills and abilities.
- Time taking.
How does digital education benefit the child?
- Interactive: With digital education, classroom teachings have become more fun and interactive. Children tend to be more attentive. They are not only listening but also viewing it on the screen which makes their learning all the more effective. Here, sounds and visuals go hand-in-hand which is easy for the child to grasp.
- Attention to details: Interactive online presentations or practical sessions in educational content through interactive screen time help the students to pay more attention to details which enable them to complete their activities on their own.
- Quick completion: Using tabs, laptops or notepads, instead of pens and pencils, motivates children to complete their tasks quickly.
- Vocabulary: Active online screen time helps students develop language skills. By reading eBooks or accessing study materials online, they learn new words and expand their vocabulary.
- Learn at his pace: Many a times, a student hesitates to ask a question to his teacher in classroom training. But with digital education, even if he does not understand anything at one go, he can attend the recorded sessions to clear his doubts. Technology enables a student to learn at his own pace.
- User-friendly: The best thing about digital education is that it is user-friendly. You can very well access your curriculum wherever you are. You can learn on the go. Even if you miss certain classes, you can access the class notes and download files from the school website.
- Learn on his own: Also, nowadays, online study materials are easily available. Even if the entire education system is not digitalised, yet students can leverage the power of digital content depending upon their capabilities. So students, can access exclusive online study modules of various subjects, which help them to enhance their knowledge even without a teacher.
- External guidance: With online education, students can even further connect with distant counsellors and faculty to seek guidance or resolve queries.
Disadvantages of digital education for children
However, digital education also has its disadvantages:
- Expensive: First of all, it is expensive. That is why we see that most International schools and schools that have digital education are far more expensive than the regular schools.
- Infrastructure: To have digital education means, you need to have a proper infrastructure not only at schools but also at homes, particularly affordable broadband.
- No fixed schedule: Online learning requires much better management and rigid schedules, whereas in traditional classroom training, everything is as per a fixed schedule.
- Reduces creative abilities: Getting all answers on the net easily also reduces the children’s own creative abilities.
- Lazy approach to studies: This may lead to poor study habits and can develop in children a lazy attitude. Digital education can also make children forget the basic way of studying. Even for simple problems and homework, they are used to seeking help from the net.
- Security: Last but not the least, going online does not mean that your child is only looking for study materials. There are many things which a child might come across that are not good for him.
So, digital education has its pros and cons. So, students need to be properly guided by their parents and teachers every time they are going to use the online technology.
Read: Understanding the Importance of Education in Life