Essay On Allama Iqbal In Urdu Language For Kids

Complete Essay on Allama Iqbal in English for Kids as Allama Iqbal was born on 9th November 1877. He was died on 21st April 1938. He is known as being Allama Iqbal but originally his name was Sir Muhammad Iqbal. He was a philosopher, poet, mystic and politician in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature as in the company of literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages. He has appeared as being the inspiration for so many people as a prominent classical poet by Pakistani, Indian, Iranian, and other international scholars of literature. Without any doubt Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet as he is also a highly acclaimed “Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times”.  His first poetry book named as Asrar-e-Khudi was appeared in the Persian language in the year 1915, and other books of poetry often include Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq and Zabur-i-Ajam. Amongst these his best known Urdu works are known as Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim and a part of Armughan-e-Hijaz.

Essay on Allama Iqbal in English

Iqbal is regarded as the Shair-e-Mashriq. He is also called Mufakkir-e-Pakistan and Hakeem-ul-Ummat. The Pakistan government officially named him a “national poet”. In India he is also remembered as the author of the popular song Saare Jahaan Se Achcha. His grandparents were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins of the Sapru clan from Kashmir who converted to Islam. Mother of Allama Muhammad Iqbal who died on 9 November 1914. Iqbal’s father named as Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a tailor as not much educated but a religious man.

He finished with the Master of Arts degree in 1899 as initiated his career as a reader of Arabic at Oriental College and shortly was selected as a junior professor of philosophy at Government College Lahore. In 1908, Iqbal returned from England and joined the same college again as a professor of philosophy and English literature. In the same period Iqbal began practicing law at Chief Court Lahore. He hence became an active member of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam. In 1919, he became the general secretary of the same organisation. He was deeply influenced by Western philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson and Goethe.

So this was all about Allama Iqbal! No doubt that he is one of those people in the history of Pakistani whom name will always be written in the golden words!

Allama
Sir Muhammad Iqbal
محمد اِقبال‎

Allama Muhammad Iqbal

BornMuhammad Iqbal
(1877-11-09)9 November 1877
Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India,
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Died21 April 1938(1938-04-21) (aged 60)
Lahore, Punjab, British India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
NationalityBritish Indian
Other namesPoet of the East
شاعر مشرق‎
Alma materScotch Mission College(F.A.)
Government College(B.A., M.A.)
University of Cambridge(B.A.)
University of Munich(Ph.D.)
Notable workThe Secrets of the Self, The Secrets of Selflessness, Message from the East, Persian Psalms, Javid Nama (more works)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionBritish India

Main interests

Urdu poetry, Persian poetry, Law

Notable ideas

Two-nation theory, Allahabad Address

SirDoctor Allama Muhammad Iqbal (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938) was a Muslim poet and philosopher who was born in Sialkot town, in British India (which is now in Pakistan). He became the national poet of Pakistan. He is also known as the poet of East. He wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian. His poetry is considered to be revolutionary. [1] His vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was a starting point for the creation of Pakistan. He is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal.

Origins[change | change source]

Allama was born as Muhammad Iqbal, in Sialkot, Punjab, then British India, on 9th November 1877. His family migrated long before, from Kashmir to Sialkot. His father was Sheikh Noor Muhammad and his mother was Imam Bibi, who worked in a small government job but later started his own business. Both Allama Iqbal's mother and father were very pious and religious-minded people and devoted to a simple life. They had six children, two sons, Ata Muhammad and Muhammad Iqbal and four daughters.

After early Islamic education and then secondary at a small school in Sialkot, Iqbal was admitted to the Scottish Murray College, Sialkot, where he topped the higher secondary examinations and got a scholarship to study at the famous Government College, Lahore, for BA. On going to live in the hostel there, Iqbal met Professor Arnold, an English teacher who taught many things to Iqbal and guided him in his studies of philosophy and literature.

Early career[change | change source]

At this time, Iqbal also became well known as a new poet and writer. He used to go to attend a 'Mushaira' at the haveli of Hakim Syed Aminuddin, in BhaatiGate area of Old Lahore city—here, he met many famous poets and writers and also began to write good poems which became very popular. He was guided by Mirza Dagh, Mirza Gurgani, Hakim Amin uddin, Hakim Shuja uddin and Sir Abdul Qadir. His first famous poem, Koh i Himala was also printed in Makhzan magazine, owned by Hakim Shuja uddin and Sir Abdul Qadir

After doing his BA and MA from Government College, Lahore, Iqbal was appointed a professor at this same institution and after some time, in 1905, he was selected for higher studies in England and Europe. He went and studied in Cambridge University and then also law at London University, and then he went to Munich, Germany, where he took a PHD degree. After all his study, Iqbal decided to go back and teach and also practice law in India.Allama Iqbal was a great poet, thinker and philosopher.

Later career, poetic and ideological work[change | change source]

Although faced by many difficulties, Iqbal followed this plan. He taught some senior classes at Government College and also practiced Law at Lahore High Court. At the same time, he wrote many famous poems such as Asrar i Khudi, Ramuz i Bekhudi, Payam i Mashriq, Zabur i Ajam, Bang i Dara, Bal i Jibrail, Zarb i Kalim and etc. Because of his learning and knowledge, people soon began to call him 'Allama' Iqbal and in 1922, King George V of Britain, made him a knight, giving him the title of Allama 'Sir' Muhammad Iqbal.He was awarded 5 awards

Ideological work[change | change source]

Allama Iqbal was a poet and a philosopher, he was always concerned about the thoughts and ideas and condition of Muslims everywhere, but specially Indian Muslims who were under British Rule and also threatened by Hindu majority population. Iqbal believed strongly in Sir Syed Ahmed Khan's earlier idea about 'Two Nation theory' that Muslims and Hindus were two separate nations and should be allowed to live separately. He put forward this idea again in his famous Allahabad Address of Muslim League, in 1930,[2] and also preached this in his poems and lectures. Allama's words and ideas inspired many Muslims, some of whom became leaders of the Muslim League, and struggled to obtain Pakistan later on. He was very popular amongst the Muslim masses too.

Death[change | change source]

Allama Iqbal died in Lahore, on 21st April 1938, and is buried near the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore. His message and ideas lived on. Under the leadership of Quaid i Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Muslims of India were able in August 1947 to achieve the partition of India.

References[change | change source]

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