Personality forms the basis of the whole of psychology. People from all over the world have long been interested in the question of what our nature is and how we differ from each other. Types of personality help us for to learn something about another person and somehow predict his actions and behavior in a few minutes. Psychology considers two types of identity, fundamentally different from each other. These are extroverts and introverts. These concepts were introduced by such well-known psychologists as Carl Gustav Jung and Hans Jürgen Eysenck. An extrovert is a type of person who is oriented to external conditions, to people around him, to relationships with them, in general, all his behavior is oriented toward outside manifestation. An introvert is a complete opposite. This type of people is more focused on themselves and on their inner world. The introvert lives more in the inner world, ignoring the outer world. He is immersed in himself, not talkative, but thoughtful and very attentive. Such an individual can delve into many things that the extrovert perceives superficially. The following essay answers a question about my type of personality.
I’m a pathological introvert. First, let’s think about what we already have discovered about introverts? Basically, we can read about them from books and articles on psychology, whose authors sometimes succinctly and formally describe this type of personality. In many books and articles that I have read, with rare exceptions, introverts are described superficially. The information they contain about these people is not enough to understand people of this type, and what are their features and advantages compared to extroverts. Perhaps this is due to the fact that introverts are always in the minority. According to my personal experience, very few people really try to understand people who are like me. It is very difficult to understand a person who is closed from you, who lives his inner world and is not going to let it all in a row.
As for my example personal, I prefer solitude. I can say that I feel comfortable only in the circle of the closest friends or relatives. It is more pleasant to me to communicate with books on science fiction than with other people. Although sometimes I really need a companion to share my thoughts and inner experiences with him, but preferably one who will listen to me attentively. I am inclined to creativity, inner experiences, as well as to reflections and dreams.
As a rule, the introvert is more of a passive person, but in many cases, this is only visible passivity. The fact is that introverts tend to think deeply, their activity is more expressed in mental research, than in continuous action and pathos behavior. From the outside, it always seems as a passivity and lack of involvement. This formulation perfectly describes me.
I do not want to attract too much attention. I always try to avoid publicity and go on stage, I can always be noticed somewhere on the side, at the back of the desk, in the corner. This, in turn, allows me to be secretive and observant, to make a detailed analysis of any situation, to draw more or less objective conclusions. Introverts in most cases, are much smarter than people around them think, but they do not always show their attainments. It is enough for me to do the necessary conclusions only for myself for solving my current problems and tasks.
Due to this reason, I do not like to show off in public. I do not care what people think of me. I do not have an ambiguous answer if it’s good or bad, but considering that I’m already enough year old, it’s unlikely I’ll ever be able to change myself. Moreover, I do not need it.
An article in the new Sunday Review section suggests that as a society we increasingly treat shyness as a disorder rather than seeing the value of that temperament. Do you agree? Do you think you’re more of an introvert or extrovert yourself? Why? What benefits do you think each temperament might have? Why?
In “Shyness: Evolutionary Tactic?” Susan Cain writes:
… shyness and introversion share an undervalued status in a world that prizes extroversion. Children’s classroom desks are now often arranged in pods, because group participation supposedly leads to better learning; in one school I visited, a sign announcing “Rules for Group Work” included, “You can’t ask a teacher for help unless everyone in your group has the same question.” Many adults work for organizations that now assign work in teams, in offices without walls, for supervisors who value “people skills” above all. As a society, we prefer action to contemplation, risk-taking to heed-taking, certainty to doubt. Studies show that we rank fast and frequent talkers as more competent, likable and even smarter than slow ones. As the psychologists William Hart and Dolores Albarracin point out, phrases like “get active,” “get moving,” “do something” and similar calls to action surface repeatedly in recent books.
Yet shy and introverted people have been part of our species for a very long time, often in leadership positions. We find them in the Bible (“Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh?” asked Moses, whom the Book of Numbers describes as “very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.”) We find them in recent history, in figures like Charles Darwin, Marcel Proust and Albert Einstein, and, in contemporary times: think of Google’s Larry Page, or Harry Potter’s creator, J. K. Rowling.
In the science journalist Winifred Gallagher’s words: “The glory of the disposition that stops to consider stimuli rather than rushing to engage with them is its long association with intellectual and artistic achievement. Neither E=mc2 nor ‘Paradise Lost’ was dashed off by a party animal.”
Students: Tell us what kind of temperament you have, and what you feel its benefits are. Do you think your school, work or social life rewards extroversion and unwittingly penalizes the shy in some way? If so, how? What do you think of the argument made in the article that “many of the most creative people in a range of fields are introverts who are comfortable working in solitary conditions in which they can focus attention inward”?
Teachers: Here are 10 ways to teach with this feature.
Questions about issues in the news for students 13 and older.